Internet of Things (IoT) is one of those rare – a technical term that has entered the mainstream and has real meaning, it is all devices can connect to each other.
While large technology companies have been trying to create versions of the phrase (“Internet of Everything” and “Internet of Intelligent Things” for just two examples), the simple, generic term IoT seems to be trapped.
IoT’s success to date, both conceptually and in practice, may at least in part be due to the fact that it has been applied in many areas of business, combined at a fundamental level with Emerging technologies such as autonomous vehicles, and has quickly made its presence felt in the consumer space too.
Exactly what is IoT?
IoT (Internet of Things) is a broad definition, IoT simply means that all devices can connect to each other. The connection can be made over Wi-Fi, broadband telecommunications networks (3G, 4G), Bluetooth, ZigBee, infrared… Devices can be smart phones, coffeemakers, washing machines listeners, bulbs, and more. So far we have seen two major applications of IoT, those in the consumer space and those in the industry.
For consumers, IoT devices tend to have simple and easy-to-use functions for many ages. For example, the house uses a smart TV, which itself is an IoT device that is connected to a mobile phone or controller with predefined features for use as a remote control. Or, like Amazon Echo, can be synchronized with your home’s heating system and will be temperature adjusted to suit you.
In the industry, the principles are the same, only at a much larger and slightly more complex scale with more closed and meticulous production lines. Current transport lines are managed by IoT devices, with remote sensors that automatically record cargo and synchronize data from the gate to the center with absolute accuracy and substantial savings. time and effort.
However, the scope of IoT is expanding, There will be a huge number of devices that are managed and communicated with each other. This amount is much larger than the number of computers connected to the Internet today. The amount of information transmitted by the device will be much greater than that transmitted by humans.
Smart home remedies are one of the most widely used IOTs. IoT’s actions are very diverse, covering the areas of infrastructure management, health, construction and automation, transportation and so on. And although it’s a relatively new concept in the consumer stage, there are dozens of products available on the market to cater to the needs of people. While companies such as Amazon and Google are the first popular technology makers, other manufacturers are starting to take on this new trend to keep up with new trends in the business and avoid backwardness.
Why IoT is important?
With a faster and more reliable increase, devices will soon be able to connect to standard WiFi and IoT has begun to feature smart features. For example, how we manage our daily habits, such as cars, can sync with the calendar to track appointments and plan the best routes without having to think.Furthermore, IoT devices can be used to enable remote health monitoring and emergency notification systems. Health monitoring devices can range from blood pressure and heart rate to advanced equipment.
However, so far, the most intriguing application of IoT can be found in the industry, where AI is trying to adjust its business to catch up with new trends that are more efficient and safer.Intelligent cities help us reduce waste and energy consumption, connected sensors are now being used in aquaculture where they help to monitor crop and animal yields and tissue prediction growth pattern.
Is IoT safe?
No connected device is inherently secure, whether it is a desktop computer, smartphone or smart controller. But in IoT, there are some issues.
In IoT, many “Things” are connected. This poses a security risk, such as disclosure of confidential information, false positives, or altered or faked data. Some devices rely on large bandwidths for video transmission and this has drawn the attention of cybercriminals to track and steal information for malicious purposes. Unreliable IoT networks have caused some of the biggest DDoS attacks in history.
Corporate customers tend to be more knowledgeable about data protection, but for consumers, security is often introduced with extremely flashy security. Internet security does not keep up with the standard IoT routers.
The security industry is also lagging behind in the field – while many software and anti-virus systems are available to apply to traditional terminals such as computers, tablets and smart phones. Businesses are still busy about security issues.
There is also a question of what is called a “headless device.” For these, sometimes the username and password are the default and hard to change.All “Things” have their owners and users. Data collected from “Things” may contain personal information related to the owner or user. IoT systems need to protect their privacy during data transmission, aggregation, storage, extraction and processing. Privacy protection should not impose a barrier to data source validation.
What is going ahead for IoT?
IoT’s ability is infinite, but it will take a long time before we really understand how its impact on life and our economy is influential. In order to really develop properly, we need to keep up with the technological developments. Management tools, IoT operating systems, and standards are constantly being developed and researched to meet the needs. Right now, we are still in the process of finding the best way to use technology in an efficient and secure way.
The numbers affirm IoT is the trend of the future
Internet of Things to 2020:
+ 4 billion people connected with each other
+ $ 4 trillion in sales
+ Over 25 million applications
+ Over 25 billion embedded systems and intelligent systems
+ 50 trillion gigabytes of data
Therefore, Internet of Thing is the key to success in the future.